PLASMA-FUEL SYSTEMS AND PRINCIPLES OF THEIR FUNCTIONING
This article presents the main types of plasma-fuel systems and the principles of their operation, which provide environmental and economic benefits compared to traditional fuel-use technologies. In plasma-fuel systems, coal of any quality is upgraded before it is burned. In general, a plasma-fuel system is a fuel device (a device into which fuel is supplied) with a plasma source. In plasma-fuel systems, the processes of plasma preparation and/or processing of solid fuels are carried out. The basic principle of the operation of plasma-fuel systems is the organization of electrothermochemical preparation and/or processing of coal dust in electric arc plasma. The use of plasma-fuel systems makes it possible to expand the range of coals burned in the same boiler and, ultimately, reduce the sensitivity of pulverized coal boilers to fuel quality. It is shown that an important advantage of the plasma technology is the quick payback and low cost of its implementation, while reducing emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur and vanadium pentoxide and fuel burnout during plasma stabilization of a pulverized coal flame. This makes them practically the only real means of improving the environmental and economic efficiency of using solid fuels and replacing scarce and expensive fuel oil in the fuel balance of TPPs in the required volumes.
(1). He X, Ma T, Qiu J, Sun T, Zhao Z, Zhou Y, Zhang J (2004) Plasma Sources Science and Technology. 13(3):446–453. Crossref
(2). Karpenko EI, Messerle VE, Ustimenko AB (2007) Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 31(2):3353–3360. Crossref
(3). Pfender E (1999) Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing 19(1):1–31. Crossref
(4). Qiu J, He X, Sun T, Zhao Z, Zhou Y, Guo S, Zhang J, Ma T (2004) Fuel Processing Technology. 85:969– 982. Crossref
(5). Lee YC, Chyou YP, Pfender E (1985) Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing 5(4):391– 413. Crossref
(6). Ibragimov MKh, Marchenko EM, Tuvalbaev BG (1987) Energy and electrification [Energetika i elektrifikatsiya ] 1:11–14. (In Russian)
(7). Ibragimov M.Kh., Marchenko E.M., Tu-valbaev B.G. (1990) Energy and electrifica-tion. [Energetika i elektrifikatsiya] 1:8–10. (In Russian)
(8). Karpenko EI, Karpenko YuE, Messerle VE, Ustimenko AB (2009) High Energy Chemistry 43(3):224–228. Crossref
(9). Karpenko EI, Karpenko YuE, Messerle VE, Ustimenko AB (2009) Thermal Engineering. 56(6):456–461. Crossref
(10). Messerle VE, Karpenko EI, Ustimenko AB (2014) Fuel 126:294–300. Crossref
(11). Messerle VE, Karpenko EI, Ustimenko AB, Lavrichshev OA (2013) Fuel Processing Technology 107:93–98. Crossref
(12). Jankoski Z, Lockwood FC, Messerle VE, Karpenko EI, Ustimenko AB (2004) Thermophysics and Aeromechanics 11(3):461–474.
(13). Kalinenko RA, Kuznetsov AP, Levitsky AA, Messerle VE, Mirokhin YuA, Polak LS, Sakipov ZB, Ustimenko AB (1993) Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing 13(1):141–167. Crossref
(14). Galvita V, Messerle VE, Ustimenko AB (2007) International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (16):3899–3906. Crossref
(15). Messerle VE, Ustimenko AB, Lavrichshev OA (2017) Fuel 203:877–883. Crossref
(16). Messerle VE, Ustimenko AB (2019) Fuel 242:447–454. Crossref
(17). Karpenko Е, Messerle V (2001) The Current Status and Prospects of Using Plasma-Energy Technologies in Heat Power Industry. Pro-ceeding of the Sixth International Conference on Technolоgies and Combustion for а Clean Environment “Clean Air”. Vol. II. Porto, Portugal, 2001. P.791–794.
Copyright (c) 2022 Институт проблем горения. Издательство «Қазақ университеті»
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.